Pune is India’s 7th most populous city. It has witnessed rapid economic growth in the recent years and is known for the IT, manufacturing, and automobile industries and educational institutes.
The city has also seen a rise in infertility among more couples currently due to lifestyle-related reasons.
Having a baby is a woman’s strongest biological impulse. Being unable to conceive can hence be frustrating and stressful. There has been a rise in female infertility in urban populations such as that of Pune.
Causes of Women’s Infertility:
Lifestyle choices: More women are working professionals today and want to focus on their career. As a result, they tend to postpone marriage and childbirth. Ageing causes a decline in women’s fertility. Post 32, a woman’s ability to get pregnant decreases steadily. Ageing also reduces the quality of eggs and increases the risk of birth defects in the child. Women are born with a fixed number of eggs, around a million at birth. This number reduces to less than 30000 in the late 30s and goes down to 1000 just prior to menopause.
Diseases: Diseases caused by unhealthy lifestyle such as obesity, diabetes etc. are on the rise in India. This is because working professionals seldom spend time taking care of their health. This causes fertility problems in women and they find it difficult to conceive.
Hormonal problems and STD: Polycystic ovarian syndrome, thyroid problems, pelvic inflammatory disease caused by chlamydia and gonorrhoea bacteria, endometriosis, and genital herpes are all causes that decrease fertility in women.
Internal problems: Ovarian, uterine or cervical problems and immune system problems may also cause female infertility.
Stress and Pollution: Stress and anxiety cause the body to release hormones like cortisol and adrenalin, and chemicals like cytokines, which lead to decreased fertility in women. Pollution causes heavy metals and toxic particulate matter to accumulate in the body and cause hormonal imbalances, which affect a woman’s ability to conceive.
Surgical complications, certain medications and conditions like premature menopause can also cause infertility in women.
If a couple has been trying to conceive for more than 6 to 8 months without any success, they should seek medical help. They can approach a reputed fertility clinic in Pune where they can talk to qualified fertility experts. The woman should undergo a female fertility test, which will determine the root cause of difficulties in conceiving. A qualified fertility doctor at the clinic will then outline various treatment options based on the cause. In order to choose a good fertility clinic, the couple should talk to people and do online research to ensure that the clinic they have chosen is well reputed.
Women can prevent fertility problems by following these tips:
- The ideal child-bearing age and prime reproductive age for women is between 25- 30. Trying to conceive during this period will yield more favourable
- Avoiding alcohol, smoking and drug use will ensure that the reproductive system and the rest of the body remain healthy.\
- Exercising regularly and eating healthy also helps in maintaining both good reproductive and overall health.
- Getting tested for STDs regularly and safe sexual practices will also ensure good reproductive health.
- Remaining stress-free: Women can use relaxation techniques such as yoga, meditation etc. to relax and remain free of stress.